Sri Raharso(1*)

(1) Politeknik Negeri Bandung
(*) Corresponding Author


The purpose of the study was to examine the influence of perceived organizational politics on innovative work behavior and to identify the mediating effect of employees’ knowledge sharing. A  questionnaire survey was carried out to 493 minimarket employees. Pearson’s correlation analysis was carried out to identify the characteristics of variables and their mutual relations, an multiple regression was also conducted for Baron & Kenny's (1986)’s mediated effect analysis.  The finding suggests that there exists a negative relationship between perceived organizational politics and knowledge sharing, and a positive relationship between knowledge sharing and innovative work behavior.  With regard to the role of knowledge sharing in the relation between perceived organizational politics and innovative work behavior, results of knowledge sharing as a full mediator have confirmed the hypothesis.


perceived organizational politics; knowledge sharing; innovative work behavior; minimarket

Article metrics

Abstract views : 65 | views : 1

Full Text:



Abbas, M., & Raja, U. (2014). Impact of perceived organizational politics on supervisory-rated innovative performance and job stress: evidence from Pakistan. Journal of Advanced Management Science, 2(2), June, 158-162.

Abbas, M., Raja, U., Darr, W., & Bouckenooghe, D. (2012). Combined effects of perceived politics and psychological capital on job satisfaction, turnover intentions, and performance. Journal of Management, August 10, 20(10), 1-18.

Abstein, A. & Spieth, P. (2014). Exploring HRM meta-features that foster employees’ innovative work behavior in times of increasing work-life conflict. Creativity and Innovation Management, 23(2), 211-225.

Afsar, B., Badir, F.Y., & Saeed, B.B. (2014). Transformational leadership and innovative work behavior. Industrial Management and Data Systems, 114(8), 1270-1300.

Ahmad, F., & Karim, M. (2019). Impacts of knowledge sharing: a review and direc-tions for future research. Journal of Workplace Learning, 31(3), 207-230.

Akram, T., Lei, S., Haider, M.J., & Hussain, S.T. (2018). Exploring the impact of knowledge sharing on the innovative work behavior of employees: a study in China. International Business Research, 11(3), 186-194.

Anderson, N., & King, N. (1993). Innovation in Organizations. In Cooper, C.L. and Robertson, I.T. (Eds.) International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 8, 1-34.

Andrews, K. & Delahaye, B.L. (2000). Influences on knowledge processes in organizational learning: the psychosocial filter. Journal of Management Studies, 73, 797-810.

Arad, S., Hanson, M.A., & Schneider, R. J. (1997). A framework for the study of relationships between organizational characteristics and organizational innovation. Journal of Creative Behavior, 31(1), 42-58.

Argote, L., Ingram, P., Levine, J.M., & Moreland, R.L. (2000). Knowledge transfer in organizations: learning from the experience of others. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 82, 1-8.

Argote, L., McEvily, B., & Reagans, R. (2003). Introduction to the special issue on managing knowledge in organization: creating, retaining and transferring knowledge. Management Science, 49(4), 5-8.

Arshad, R., & Zawawi, S.A. (2010). Tanggapan sokongan organisasi, kepuasan kerja, komitmen dan kelakuan kewargaan organisasi pekerja: peranan politik organisasi sebagai perantara. Jurnal Pengurusan, 31, 83-92.

Aulawi, H., Sudirman, I., Suryadi, K., & Govindaraju, R. (2009). Knowledge sharing behavior, antecedents and their impact on the individual innovation capability. Journal of Applied Sciences Research, 5(12), 2238-2246.

Bakker, A. B., Demerouti, E., Taris, T., Schaufeli, W. B., & Schreurs, P. (2003). A multi-group analysis of the job demands–resources model in four home care organizations. International Journal of Stress Management, 10, 16 –38.

Bakker, A.B., & Demerouti, E. (2007). The job demands-resources model: state of the art. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 22, 309–328.

Baron, R.M. & Kenny, D.A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in sosial psychology research: conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173-1182.

Beijerse, R. (1999). Question in knowledge management: defining and conceptualizing a phenomenon. Journal of Knowledge Management, 3(2), 94-110.

Berman, B., & Evans, J.R. (2010). Retail Management. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson.

Bishop, D., Felstead, A., Fuller, A., Jewson, N., Yeadon-Lee, T., & Unwin, L. (2006). Connecting culture and learning in organizations: a review of current themes: Learning as Work Research Paper, No. 5, Cardiff School of Social Sciences, Cardiff University, pp. 1-38.

Block, P. (1988). The empowered manager: positive political skills at work. San Fransisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Boh, W.F., & Wong, S.S. (2015). Managers versus co-workers as referents: Comparing social influence effects on within- and outside-subsidiary knowledge sharing. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 126, 1–17.

Bolman, L.G., & Deal, T.E. (1991). Leadership and management effectiveness: a multi-frame, multi-sector analysis. Human Resource Management, 30(4), 509-534.

Bouckenooghe, D. (2012). The role of organizational politics, contextual resources, and formal communication on change recipients’ commitment to change: a multilevel study. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 21, 575–602.

Buenger C.M., Forte, M., Boozer, R.W., & Maddox, E.N. (2007). A Study of the applicability of the perceptions of organizational politics scale (Pops) for use in the university classroom. Developments in Business Simulation and Experiential Learning, 34, 294-301.

Cabrera, A. & Cabrera, E.F. (2002). Knowlede sharing dilemmas. Organization Studies, 23(5), 687-710.

Cabrera, A., Collins, W.C., & Salgado, J.F. (2006). Determinants of individual engagement in knowledge sharing. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 17, 245–264.

Carmeli, A., Meitar, R., & Weisberg, J. (2006). Self-leadership skills and innovative behavior at work. International Journal of Manpower, 27(1), 75-90.

Cavanaugh, M.A., Boswell, W.R., Roehling, M.V., & Boudreau, J.W. (2000). An empirical examination of self-reported stress among managers. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85(1), 65–74.

Chen, C.J., & Huang, J.W. (2009). Strategic human resource practices and innovation performance-the mediating role of knowledge management capacity. Journal of Business Research, 62(1), 104-114.

Chhetri, P., Afshan. N., & Chatterjee. S. (2014). The impact of perceived organizational politics on work attitudes: the moderating role of leader-member-excange quality. International Journal of Human Capital and Information Technology Professionals, 5(2), 1-13.

Choe, J.M. (2004). The consideration of cultural differences in the design of information systems. Information & Management, 41, 669-684.

Choo, T.J., & Moon, S.S. (2014). The effect of leader’s emotional intelligence on team effectiveness and affective commitmen: focusing on university staffs. The Korean Journal of Human Resource Development Quarterly, 16(4), 1-24.

Clercq, D. D., Dimov, D., & Belausteguigoitia, I. (2016). Perceptions of adverse work conditions and innovative behavior: the buffering roles of relational resources. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice , May, 515-542.

Clercq, D. D., Dimov, D., & Thongpapanl, N. (2013). Organizational capital, formalization, and internal knowledge sharing in entrepreneurial orientation formation. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 37(3), 505-537.

Cobb, A.T. (1986). Political diagnosis: applications in organizational development. Academy of Management Review, 11(3), 482-496.

Connely, C.E., Zweig, D., Webster, J., & Trougakos, J.P. (2012). Knowledge hiding in organization. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 33(1), 64-88.

Coopey, J., & Burgoyne, J. (2000). Politics and Organizational Learning. Journal of Management Studies, 37(6), 869-886.

Crawford, E. R., LePine, J. A., & Rich, B. L. (2010). Linking job demands and resources to employee engagement and burnout: a theoretical extension and meta-analytic test. Journal of Applied Psychology, 93, 834–848.

Cropanzano, R. & Li, A. (2006). Organizational politics and workplace stress. In Vigoda-Gadot, E., & Drory, A. (Eds.). Handbook of organizational politics, 139-159. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.

Cropanzano, R., Howes J. C., Grandey, A. A., & Toth, P. (1997). The Relationship of organizational politics and support to work behaviors, attitudes, and stress. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 18, 159-180.

Cumming, J.N. (2004). Work groups, structural diversity, and knowledge sharing in a global organization. Management Science, 50(3), 352-364.

Curtis, S. (2003). Lies, damned lies and organizational politics. Industrial and Commercial Training, 35(7), 293-297.

Daft, R. L. (1992). Organization Theory and Design (4th Ed.). St. Paul: West Publishing.

Darmawan, M.A. (2019), Juli 06. Mengembangkan budaya inovasi. Kompas, Performance Execution: 9 (kolom 1-6).

Das, A., Paul, H., & Swierczek, F.W. (2008). Developing and validating total quality management (TQM) constructs in the context of Thailand’s manufacturing industry. Benchmarking: an International Journal, 15(1), 52-72.

Davenport, T.H., & Prusak, L. (1998). Working knowledge: how organizations manage what they know. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School.

De Jong, J.P.J., & Den Hartog, D.N. (2010). Measuring innovative work behavior. Creativity and Innovation Management, 19(1), 23-36.

De Jong, J.P.J., & Den Hartog, D.N. (2007). How leaders influence employees’ innovative behavior. European Journal of Innovation Management, 10(1), 41-64.

De Spiegelaere, S., Van Gyes, G., & Van Hootegem, G. (2014). Innovatief Wekgedrag als concept: definiëring en oriëntering. Gedrag & Organisatie, 2(2), 139-156.

De Spiegelaere, S., Van Gyes, G., & Van Hootegem, G. (2016). Not all autonomy is the same. Different dimensions of job autonomy and their relation to work engagement & innovative work behavior. Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing & Service Industries, 26(4), 515-527.

Demerouti, E., Bakker, A. B., Nachreiner, F., & Schaufeli, W. B. (2001). The job demands–resources model of burnout. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 499 –512.

Drory, A. & Vigoda-Gadot, E. (2010). Organizational politics and human resource management: A typology and the Israeli experience. Human Resource Management Review, 20, 194-202.

Drory, A. (1993). Perceived political climate and job attitudes. Organizational Studies, 14, 59-71.

Eisenhardt, K.M., & Bourgeois, L.J., III. (1988). Politics of strategic decision making in high-velocity environments: toward a mid-range theory. Academy of Management Journal, 31, 737-770.

EUWIN. (2012). Dortmund/Brussels Position Paper: Workplace innovation as sosical innovation. Retrieved from

Evans, N. (2012). Destroying collaboration and knowledge sharing in the workplace: a reverse brainstorming approach. Knowledge Management Research & Practice, 10(2), 175-187.

Fatima, A., & Khan, M.A. (2017). Do hope foster innovative work behavior through employee engagement and knowledge sharing behavior? A conservation of

resources approach using MPlus tool. Business & Economic Review, 9(4), 181-212.

Ferris, G.R., & Hochwarter, W. (2011). Organizational politics. In S. Zedeck (Ed.) APA Handbook in Psychology. APA handbook of industrial and organizational psychology, Vol. 3, Maintaining, expanding, and contracting the organization (435-459). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Ferris, G.R., Frink, D.D., Beehr, T.A., & Gilmore, D.C. (1995). Political fairness and fair politics: the conceptual integration of divergent construct. In R.S. Cropanzano & K.M. Kacmar (Eds.) Organizational politics, justice, and support (21-36). Westport, CT: Quorum Books.

Ferris, G.R., Russ, G.S., & Fandt, P.M. (1989). Politics in organizations. In Giacalone, R.A. & Rosenfeld, P. (Eds), Impression Management in the Organization. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 143-170.

Friesl, M., Sackmann, S.A., & Kremser, S. (2011). Knowledge sharing in new organizational entities: the impact of hierarchy, organizational context, micro-politics and suspicion. Cross Cultural Management: an International Journal, 18(1), 71-86.

Frost, P.J., & Egri, C.P. (1991). The Political Process of Innovation. In: Staw, B.M., (Ed.) Research in Organizational Behaviour. 13, 229-295.

Gammelgaard, J. & Ritter, T. (2000). Knowledge retrieval process in multinational consultin firms. Danish Social Sciences Research Council, Frederiksberg, Denmark. Available at:

Gandz, J., & Murray, V.V. (1980). The experience of work place politics. Academy of Management Journal, 23(2), 237-251.

Ganjinia, H., Salimi, M.S.B., & Ghasabsaraei, M.Y. (2014). Knowledge management role in motivationg employees through supervisory control and perceived organizational support and its impact on knowledge sharing in red crescent society of Giolan Province. Kuwait Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 3(9), 325-333.

Getz, I., & Robinsons, A.G. (2003). Innovate or die: is that a fact? Creativity and Innovation Management, 12(3), 130-136.

Gotsis, G.N. & Kortezi, Z. (2010). Ethical considerations in organizational politics: expanding the perspective. Journal of Business Ethics, 93, 497-517.

Grant, R.M. (1996). Toward a knowledge-based theory of the firm. Strategic Management Journal, 17, 109–122

Gupta, B. (2009). The relationship of organizational politics with employees’ knowledge sharing behavior and work engagement. Proceeding of 2009 International Conference on Technology Innovation and Industrial Management, June 18th-19th, Bangkok, Thailand, S1-61 – S1-76.

Hair, Jr., Joseph F., Anderson, R.E., Tatham, R.L., & Black, W.C. (1998). Multivariate data analysis with reading. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Hair, Jr., Joseph F., Black, William C., Babin, Barry J., & Anderson, Rolph E. (2010). Multivariate Data Analysis: a global perspective. New Jersey: Pearson.

Hansen, M.T., Mors, M.L., & Lovas, B. (2005). Knowledge sharing in organizations: multiple networks, multiple phases. Academy of Management Journal, 48(5), 776-793.

Harris, J.K., Wheeler, A.R., & Harris, R.B. (2009). Relationships between politics, supervisor communication and job outcomes. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 39(11), 2669–2688.

Hiltrop, J.M. (1996). A framework for diagnosing human resource management practices. European Management Journal, 14(3), 243-254.

Hislop, D., Newell, S., Scarbrough, H., & Swan, J. (2000). Networks, Knowledge and Power: Decision making, politics and the process of innovation. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, 12, 399-411.

Hochwarter, W.A., Rosen, C. C., Jordan, S. L., Ferris, G. R., Ejaz, A., & Maher, L. P. (2020). Perceptions of organizational politics research: past, present, and fu-ture. Journal of Management, January 20.

Hu, M.-L.M., Horng, J.S., & Sun, Y.-H.C. (2009). Hospitality teams: knowledge sharing and service innovation performance. Tourisms Management, 30(1), 41-50.

Indriastuti, D. (2019), Juni 03. Menjaga daya tarik. Kompas, Ekonomi & Bisnis: 13 (kolom 6).

Jannsen, O. (2000). Job demands, perceptions of effort-reward fairness and innovative work behaviour. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 73(3), 287-302.

Jantunen, A. (2005). Knowledge-processing capabilities and innovative performance: an empirical study. European Journal of Innovation Management, 8(3), 336-349.

Jarret, M. (2017). The 4 type of organizational politics. Harvard Business Review, April 24. Diunduh dari https://hbr.0rg/2017/04/the-4-type-of-organizational-politics; tanggal 09 Juni 2019.

Johnson, G., Scholes, K., & Whittington, R. (2008). Exploring Corporate Strategy. Essex, England: Pearson Education Limited.

Jung, D.I., Chow, C., & Wu, A. (2003). The role of transformational leadership in enhancing organizational innovation: hyphotheses and some preliminary finding. Leadership Quarterly, 14, 525-544.

Kacmar, K.M., & Baron, R.A. (1999). Organizational politics: the state of the field. Links to related processes, and agenda for future research. Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management, 17, 1-39.

Kacmar, K.M., & Carlson, D.S. (1997). Further validation of the perceptions of politics scale (POPS): a multiple sample investigation. Journal of Management, 23(5), 627-658.

Kacmar, K.M., & Ferris, G.R. (1991). Perceptions of organizational politics scale (POPS): Development and construct validation. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 51(1), 193-205.

Kacmar, K.M., Bozeman, D.P., Carlson, D.S., & Anthony, W.P. (1999). An examination of the perceptions of organizational politics model: replication and extension. Human Relations, 52, 383-416.

Kamp, E. (2016). Innovative work behaviour: mapping out the knowledge sharing behind it. Master thesis social networks from Utrecht University.

Kanter, R.M. (1984). The Change Masters: Innovation and Entrepreneurship in the American Corporation, New York: Simon & Schuster.

Kanter, R.M. (1988). When a thousand flowers bloom: structural collective and social conditions for innovation in organization. In B.M. Staw & L.L. Cummings (Eds.). Research in organization behavior (10, 93-131). Greenwich: JAI Press.

Kelley, G. (1976). Seducing the Elites: The Politics of Decision Making and Innovation in Organizational Networks. Academy of Management Review, 1(3), 66-74.

Kim, J.T., & Hong, A.J. (2013). The influence of organizational politics perception on innovative behavior: mediating effect of organizational cynicism and distributive justice. The Korean Journal of Human Resouces Development Quarterly, 15(2), 111-134.

Kim, T., & Lee, G. (2010). Examining social capital and knowledge as antecedents of service innovativeness and business performance in the hotel industry: an application of the resource-based view (RBV) theory. Journal of Tourism Sciences, 34(7), 13-36.

Kim, T., & Lee, G. (2012). A modified and extended triandis model for the enablers-process-outcomes relationship in hotel employees’ knowledge sharing. The

Service Industrial Journal, 32(13), 2059-2090.

Kim, T., & Lee, G. (2013). Hospitality employee knowledge-sharing behaviors in the relationship between goal orientations and service innovative behavior. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 34, 324-337.

Kim, W., & Park, J. (2017). Examining structural relationships between work engagement, organizational procedural justice, knowledge sharing, and innovative work behavior for sustainable organizations. Sustainability, 9(2), 205-221.

Kipnis, D., Schmidt, S.M., & Wilkinson, I. (1980). Intraorganizational influence tactics: exploration in getting one’s way. Journal of Apllied Psychology, 65, 440-452.

Kotter, J.P. (1985). Power and Influence. New York: The Free Press.

Kuratko, D.F., Hornsby, J.S., & Covin, J.S. (2014). Diagnosing a firm’s internal environment for corporate entrepreneurship. Business Horizons, 57(1), 37-47.

Ladebo, O.J. (2006). Perceptions of organisational politics: examination of a situational antecedent and consequences among Nigeria’s extension personnel. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 55(2), 255- 281.

LePine, J.A., Podsakoff, N.P., & LePine, M.A. (2005). A meta-analytic test of the challenge–stressor hindrance– stressor framework: An explanation for inconsistent relationships among stressors and performance. Academy of Management Journal, 48(5), 764-775.

Levy, M., & Weitz, B.A. (2004). Retailing Management. Fifth Edition. Boston: McGraw Hill.

Lewin, K. (1936). Principles of topological psychology. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Liao, S.H., Fei, W.C., and Chen, C.C. (2007). Knowledge sharing, absorptive capacity, and innovation capability: an empirical study of Taiwan's knowledge/intensive industries. Journal of Information Science, 33(3), 340/359.

Lin, H.F. (2007). Knowledge sharing and firm innovation capability: an empirical study. International Journal of Manpower, 28(3), 315-332.

Ling, T.H. (2003). Knowledge management. Taipei: BestWise.

Mayes, B.T., & Allen, R.W. (1977). Toward a definition of organizational politics. Academy of Management Review, 2(4), 672-678.

McEvily, B., Perrone, V., & Zaheer, A. (2003). Trust as an organizing principle. Organization Science, 14, 91-103.

McLoughlin, I., Koch, C., & Dickson, K. (2001). What this “tosh”?: innovation networks and new product development as a political process. International Journal of Innovation Management, 5(3) (September), 275-298.

McShane, S.L., & Von Glinow, M.A. (2000). Organizational behavior. New York: Irwin McGraw-Hill.

Miller, B.K., Rutherford, M.A., & Kolodinsky, R.W. (2008). Perceptions of organizational politics: a meta-analysis of outcomes. Journal of Business Psychology, 22(3), 209–222.

Mills, P. & Snyder, K. (2010). Defining competitive advantage in knowledge services. In Mills P. & Snyder, K. (Eds.). Knowledge service management. New York: Springer.

Mintzberg, H. (1983). Power in and around organization. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Mintzberg, H. (1985). The organization as a political arena. Journal of Management Studies, 22, 133-154.

Mumford, M.D. (2003). Where have we been, where are we going? Taking stock in creativity research. Creativity Research Journal, 15(2-3), 107-120.

Nielsen, Holding N.V. (2013). Continuous innovation: the key to retail success. Diemen, the Netherlands.

Nonaka, I., Von Krogh, G., & Voelpel, S. (2006). Organizational knowledge creation theory: evolutionary paths and future advances. Organization Studies, 27(8), 1179-1208.

Organ, D.W., & Konovsky, M. (1989). Cognitive versus affective determinants of organization citizenship behavior. Journal of Applied Psychology, 74, 157-164.

Park, Y.K., Song, J.H., Yoon, S.W., & Kim, J. (2013). Learning organizational and innovative behavior. Europen Journal of Training and Development, 38(1), 75-94.

Parker, C.P., Dipboye, R.L., & Jackson, S.L. (1995). Perceptions of Organizational Politics: An Investigation of Antecedents and Consequences. Journal of Management, 21, 891-912.

Perrewé, P. L., Ferris, G. R., Frink, D. D., & Anthony, W. P. (2000). Political skill: An antidote for workplace stressors. Academy of Management Executive, 14, 115–123.

Petermans, A. & Van Cleempoel, K. (2009). Retail design and the experience economy: where are we (going). Design Principles and Practices, 3(1), 171-182.

Pettigrew, A.M. (1973). The politics of organizational decision–making. London, UK: Tavistock.

Poon, J.M.L. (2003). Situational antecedents and outcomes of organizational politics perceptions. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 18(2), 138–155.

Porter, L.W., Allen, R.W., & Angle, H.L. (1983). The politics of upward influence in organizations. Organizational Influence Processes, 40(2), 408-422.

Prieto, M.P., & Perez-Santana, M.P. (2014). Managing innovative work behavior: the role of human resource practices. Personnel Review, 43(2), 184-208.

Quinn, J.B., Anderson, P., & Finkelstein, S. (1996). Managing profesional intellect: making the most of the best. Harvard Business Review, 74, 71-80.

Qureshi, A.M.A., & Evans, N. (2013a). Adopting a trust-based framework to generate social capital: espousing social learning and social capital for enhanced innovation, improved performance and competitive advantage. 5th European Conference on Intellectual Capital, University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain, 11-12 April 2013, 548-556.

Qureshi, A.M.A., & Evans, N. (2013b). A trust-based framework for enhanced absorptive capacity: improving performance, innovation and competitive advantage. International Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Amman, Jordan, 4-5 March 2013,172-179.

Radaelli, G., Lettieri, E., Mura, M., & Spiller, N. (2014). Knowledge sharing and innovative work behavior in healthcare: a micro-level investigation of direct and indirect effects. Creativity and Innovation Management, 23(4), 400-414.

Ramamoorthy, N., Flood, P.C., Slattery, T., & Sardessai, R. (2005). Determinants of innovative work behavior: development and test of an integrated model. Creativity and Innovation Management, 4(2), 142-150.

Raykov, M. (2014). Employer support for innvative work and employees’ job satisfaction and job-related stress. Journal of Occupational Health, 56, 244-251.

Raza, M.M., Minhas, N.M., Khan, H.U., & Asghar, I. (2015). Impact of stress on software engineers knowedge sharing and creativity (a Pakistan perspective). International Journal of Data Mining Techniques and Applications, 4(2), 35-39.

Razi, M. J. M., Habibullah, M., & Hussin, H. (2019). Knowledge management behavior among academicians: the case of a Malaysian higher learning institution. Journal of Information and Communication Technology, 18(2), 183-206.

Robinson, A.G., & Schroeder, D.M. (2004). Ideas are Free. San Fransisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

Robinson, J. P., Shaver, P. R., & Wrightsman, L. S. (1991). Criteria for scale selection and evaluation. In Robinson, J. P., Shaver, P. R., & Wrightsman, L. S. (eds.) 1991. Measures of personality and social psychological attitudes. San Diego, CA.: Academic Press.

Rodriguez, M., Paredes, F., & Yi, G. (2016). Toward future customer experience: trend and innovation in retail. Foresight and STI Governance, 10(3), 18-28.

Santoso, S. (2002). Buku Latihan SPSS Statistik Multivariat. Jakarta: Elex Media Komputindo.

Schulz, M. (2001). The uncertain relevance of newness: organizational learning and knowledge flows. Academy of Management Journal, 44(4), 661-681.

Scott, S.G., & Bruce, R.A. (1998). Following the leader in R&D: the joint effect of subordinate problem-solving style and leader-member relations on innovative behavior. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 45(1), 3-10.

Scott, S.G., & Bruce, R.A. (1994). Determinants of innovative behavior: a path model individual innovation in the workplace. Academy of Management Journal, 37(3), 580-607.

Sekaran, U. (2007). Metode Penelitian untuk Bisnis. Jilid 1 & 2. Diterjemahkan oleh Kwan Men Yon. Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

Senge, P. M. (1997). The fifth discipline. Measuring Business Excellence, 1(3), 46-51.

Senge, P. M. (2006). The fifth discipline: the art and practice of the learning organization. New York, NY: Currency.

Shalley, C.E., & Gilson, L.L. (2004). What leaders need to know: a review of social and contextual factors that can foster or hinder creativity. Leadership Quarterly, 15(1), 33-53.

Sidhu, J.S., Ansari, S.M., Volberda, H., & Oshri, I. (2011). Managing organisatinal politics for effective knowledge processes. RSM Insight, 4th Quarter, 12-14.

Singh, N. 2015. Emerging Retail Business: Boon for Indian Economy. Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, 2(2), 1-4.

Soedibjo, B.S. (2013). Pengantar Metode Penelitian. Bandung: Unas Pasim.

Sowmya, K.R & Panchamanatham. (2012). Influence of Oganizational Politics on turnover intention of employees in education sector, Chennai, India. Arth Prabhand: A Journal of Economics and Management, 1(1), 19-25.

Stewart, T., & Ruckdeschel, C. (1998). Intellectual capital: the new wealth of organization. Performance Improvement, 37, 56-59.

Subdirektorat Statistik Ketenagakerjaan. (2019), Juni 15. Indikator pasar tenaga kerja Indonesia. Jakarta: BPS RI.

Sulistiawan, J., Herachwati, N., Permatasari, S.D., & Alfirdaus, Z. (2017). The antecedents of innovative work behavior: the roles of self-monitoring. Problem and Perspectives in Management, 15(4), 263-270.

Suseno, Y., Standing, S., Gengatharen, D., & Nguyen, D. (2019). Innovative work behaviour in the public sector: the roles of task characteristics, social support, and proactivity. Aust J Publ Admin., March, 1–19.

Teece, D.F. (1998). Capturing value from knowledge assets: the new economy, markets for know-how, and intangible assets. California Management Review, 40(3), 55-79.

Thomas, R.J. (2000). Politics and Technology. In Preece, D., McLoughlin, I and Dawson, P. (Eds.) Technology, Organization and Innovation: Critical perspectives on business and management, 487-530. London: Routledge.

Thurling, M., Evers, A.T., & Vermeulen, M. (2015). Toward a model of explaining teachers’ innovative behavior: a literature review. Review of Educational Research, 85(3), 430-471.

tn. (2019a), Juni 03. Perbaiki iklim bisnis. Kompas, Ekonomi & Bisnis: 13 (kolom 1-5).

tn. (2019b), Juni 03. Pelaku usaha optimis. Kompas, Ekonomi & Bisnis: 14 (kolom 2-4).

Töre, E., & Yolal, M. (2017). The effects of knowledge sharing, internal locus of control and self efficacy on innovative work behavior. Revista Turismo & Desenvolvimento, 27/28, 391-393.

Trivellas, P., Akrivouli, Z., Tsifora, E., & Tsoutsa, P. (2015). The impact of knowledge sharing culture on job satisfaction in accounting firms: the mediating effect of general competencies. Procedia Economics and Finance, 19, 238-247.

Tuominen, T., & Toivonen, M. (2011). Studying innovation and change activities in KIBS through the lens of innovativebehaviour. International Journal of Innovation Management, 15(2), 393-422.

Unsworth, K.L., & Parker, S.K. (2003). Proactivity and innovation: promoting a new workforce for the new workplace. In d. Holman, T.D. Wall, C.W. Clegg, P. Sparrow, & A. Howard (eds.). The new workplace: a guide to the human impact of modern working practices (175-196). Chichester, UK: Wiley.

Van Tongeren, M. (2004). Retail branding. In R. Van Amerongen & H. Christiaans (Eds.), Retail & Interior Design. Rotterdam: Episoden Publishers.

Van Tongeren, M. (2003). Retail branding: from stopping power to shopping power. Amsterdam: BIS Publishers.

Veenendaal, A., & Bondarouk, T. (2015). Perceptions of HRM and their effect on dimensions of innovative work behaviour: evidence from a manufacturing firm. Management Revue, 26(2), 138-160.

Vigoda-Gadot, E. & Drory, A. (Eds). (2006). Handbook of Organizational Politics. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Vigoda-Gadot, E. & Kapun, D. (2005). Perception of politics and perceived performance in public and privat organization: a test of one model across two sectors. Policy & Politics, 33(2), 252-276.

Vigoda-Gadot, E. (2000). Organizational politics, job attitudes, and work outcomes: Exploration and implications for the public sector. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 57, 326–347.

Wang, Y. & Zhu, Y. (2012). Organizational socialization, trust, knowledge sharing and innovation behavior: Research on mechanism and path. R & D Management, 24, 2.

West, M.A., & Farr, J.L. (1989). Innovation at work: psychological perspectives. Social Behaviour, 4, 15-30.

Wijk van, R., Jansen, J.J., & Lyles, M.A. (2008). Inter- and intra-organizational knowledge transfer: a meta-analytic review and assesment of its antecedents and consequences. Journal of Management Studies, 45(4), 830-853.

Wu, C., Parker, S.K., & De Jong, J.P.J. (2011). Need for cognition as an antecedent of individual innovation behavior. Journal of Management, 21, 1-24.

Xerri, M.J., & Brunetto, Y. (2011). Fostering the innovative behavior of SME employees: a social capital perspective. Research and Practice in Human Resource Management, 19(2), 43-59.

Xerri, M.J., & Brunetto, Y. (2013). Fostering innovative behavior: the important of employee commitment and organizational citizenship behaviour. The International Journal of Human Resouce Management, 24(16), 3163-3177.

Yeşil, S., & Hurlak, B. (2013). An empirical investigation into the influence of knowledge sharing barriers on knowledge sharing and individual innovation behaviour. International Journal of Knowledge Management, 9(2), 38-61.

Youndt, M.A., Snell, S.A., Dean, J.W., & Lepak, D.P. (1996). Human resource management, manufacturing strategy, and firm performance. Academy of Management Journal, 39, 836-866.

Yu, C., Yu, T.F., & Yu, C.C. (2013). Knowledge sharing, organizational climate, and innovative behavior: a cross-level analysis of effects. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 41(1), 143-156.

Yuan, W., & Woodman, R.W. (2010). Innovative behavior in the workplace: the role of performance and image outcome expectations. Academy of Management Journal, 53(2), 323-342.

Zheng, T. T. (2017). A literature review on knowledge sharing. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 5, 51-58.

Zhou, J., & Shalley, C.E. (2003). Research on employee creativity: a critical review and directions for future research. Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management, 22, 165-218.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Sri Raharso -

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This Journal has been listed and indexed in :

Copyright of Jurnal Inovasi Bisnis (p-ISSN : 2338-4840, e-ISSN : 2614-6983)

Creative Commons License
Inovbiz: Jurnal Inovasi Bisnis is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office :
Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat
 Politeknik Negeri Bengkalis 
Jl. Bathin alam, Sungai Alam Bengkalis-Riau 28711 

View Inovbiz Statistics