Apakah Pendapatan Perempuan Dapat Mengurangi Kemiskinan? Bukti Data Panel di Indonesia

Gunawan Adnan(1), Khairul Amri(2*)

(1) Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry
(2) Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry
(*) Corresponding Author


This research aims to analyze the effect of women's income on poverty reduction. Using a panel dataset of 32 provinces in Indonesia with time series data for the period of 2010-2018, the analysis model used is the fixed-effect method of the panel regression and the Panel Granger causality test. The study points out that women's income has a significant effect on poverty reduction. The greater women's income, the lower the poverty rates. Panel Granger causality test indicates that there is a bidirectional between women's income and poverty rate. The poverty causes women's income, and women's income also causes poverty rates. Therefore, local governments in Indonesia should formulate regional development policies that oriented towards increasing women's involvement in productive economic activities. The policy is not only able to improve the welfare of women, but also contribute positively to reducing poverty rates


Poverty Reduction; Women’s Income; Panel Regression; Granger Causality Test

Article metrics

Abstract views : 1019 | views : 13

Full Text:



Adnan, G. (2017). Gender mainstreaming in the contextof aceh development, Marwah: Jurnal Perempuan, Agama dan Jender, 16(2), 127-140

Amri, K. (2019). Pengaruh zakat dan kesempatan kerja terhadap tingkat kemiskinan di Aceh, Jurnal Al-Muzara’ah, 7 (2)

Amrizal, M. H., Wisadirana, D., & Kanto, S. (2016). Partisipasi Perempuan dalam Penanggulangan Kemiskinan pada Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Mandiri Perkotaan di Kabupaten Pasuruan (Studi Kasus di Desa Gajahbendo, Kecamatan Beji, Kabupaten Pasuruan), Jurnal Pamator, 9(2), 95-102.

Awan, A. G., & Sadia, R. F. (2018). Female participation in labor force and its impact on household and national income: Evidence from Pakistan, Global Journal of Management, Social Sciences and Humanities 4(4), 773-784.

Awumbilla, M. (2006). Gender equality and poverty in Ghana: implications for poverty reduction strategies, GeoJournal 67, 149-161

Brady, D. (2006). Structural theory and relative poverty in rich Western democracies, 1969–2000. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 24(2), 153–175. doi:10.1016/j.rssm.2005.02.004

Chen, Z., Wang, Z., & Jiang, H. (2019). Analyzing the heterogeneous impacts of high-speed rail entry on air travel in China: A hierarchical panel regression approach. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 127, 86–98. doi:10.1016/j.tra.2019.07.004

Dixon, R. B. (1982). Women in Agriculture: Counting the Labor Force in Developing Countries. Population and Development Review, 8(3), 539. doi:10.2307/1972379

Haq, U., & Amin, A. (2014). The role of working women in poverty reduction (A case study of District Peshawar), The Dialogue, 12(2), 109-134

Harriet, T., Opuku-Asare, N. A., & Anin, E. K. (2014). The Role of Women in Reducing Household Poverty in the Bongo District of the Upper East Region, Ghana. Journal of Arts and Humanities, 3(4), 99-110.

Hastuti. (2014). Peran perempuan dalam pengentasan kemiskinan di desa wisata gabugan, Sleman, Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, SOCIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial, 11(2), 151-162

Hilal, R. (2012). Vocational education and training for women and youth in Palestine: Poverty reduction and gender equality under occupation. International Journal of Educational Development, 32(5), 686–695. doi:10.1016/j.ijedudev.2012.02.008.

Khan, S. (2013). Women's empowerment through poverty alleviation: a sociocultural and politico-economic assessment of conditions in Pakistan, International Journal of Academic Research and Reflection 1(1), 16-40

KPPPA (2016) Kajian Peran Perempuan Dalam Penanggulangan Kemiskinan Melalui Industri Rumahan, Kementerian Pem-berdayaan Perempuan dan Perlindungan Anak, Jakarta.

Meinzen-Dick, R., Quisumbing, A., Doss, C., & Theis, S. (2017). Women’s land rights as a pathway to poverty reduction: Framework and review of available evidence. Agricultural Systems. doi:10.1016/ j.agsy.2017.10.009.

Muliadi, M., & Amri, K. (2019). Penerimaan Zakat dan Penurunan Kemiskinan di Aceh: Peran Dana Otonomi Khusus Sebagai Pemoderasi, Jurnal Ilmiah Ekonomi Islam, 5(3), 231-242

Nieuwenhuis, R., van der Kolk, H., & Need, A. (2016). Women’s earnings and household inequality in OECD countries, 1973–2013. Acta Sociologica, 60(1), 3–20. doi:10.1177/0001699316654528.

Owusu, J., Akandasiam, A. C., & Anyesepari, A. A. (2013). Microfinance schemes and poverty reduction among women in the northern region of Ghana, International Journal of Humanities and Social Science 3 (19), 99-108.

Peraturan Presiden Republik Indonesia Nomor 15 Tahun 2010 Tentang Percepatan Penanggulangan Kemiskinan

Rustinsyah.(2018). Women empowerment for poverty reduction in ring-1 rural area of a cement company in Tuban, East Java Province, Indonesia. Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik, 31(1), 107-118.

Seebens, H. (2009). The contribution of female non-farm income to poverty reduction, International Association of Agricultural Economists Conference, Beijing, China, August 16-22, 2009.

Shin, K-Y. (2010). The effect of labor force participation by women on family income inequality in Korea, Japan, and Taiwan, Korean Social Science Journal, 27(1), 27-55.

Sultana, H. Y., Jamal, M. A., & E-Najaf, D. (2017) Impact of microfinance on women empowerment through poverty alleviation: an assessment of socio-economic conditions in chennai city of Tamil Nadu, Asian Journal For Poverty Studies, 3(2),175-183.

Tyer‐Viola, L. A., & Cesario, S. K. (2010). Addressing poverty, education, and gender equality to improve the health of women worldwide. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing, 39(5), 580–589. doi:10.1111/j.1552-6909.2010. 01165.x.

Widiyanti, E., Pudjihardjo., & Saputra, P. M. A. (2018). Tackling poverty through women empowerment: The role of social capital in Indonesian women’s cooperative, Jurnal Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan, 10 (1), 44-55.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.35314/inovbiz.v8i1.1235


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Khairul - Amri

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

This Journal has been listed and indexed in :

Copyright of Jurnal Inovasi Bisnis (p-ISSN : 2338-4840, e-ISSN : 2614-6983)

Creative Commons License
Inovbiz: Jurnal Inovasi Bisnis is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office :
Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat
 Politeknik Negeri Bengkalis 
Jl. Bathin alam, Sungai Alam Bengkalis-Riau 28711 
E-mail: inovbiz@polbeng.ac.id

View Inovbiz Statistics